Bible 100 Lenten Edition Summary 7

Pastoral Epistles to Revelation

Bible 100 Lenten Edition Summary 7

This Lent we went through the entire Bible, Bible 100 style. In other words, we’re developing an overview of the entire collection of 66 books. Here’s a summary of what we covered this week. If any of this sparks your curiosity, I hope you will watch the short videos I recorded through Facebook Live (each  takes you to a video). Of course, you can always turn to the Bible to learn even more!

Lessons 37-40

 Lesson 37: Paul’s Letters to People

Paul wrote 9 letters to churches and 4 letters to people. (Although the authorship of many of these letters is disputed, we set that aside for Bible 100 purposes because we want to start by knowing what the books say.)

1 Timothy 

  • 6 Chapters
  • We first meet Timothy in Acts 16:1-5, during Paul’s second missionary journey.
  • Paul wants Timothy to lead the church in Ephesus (1 Timothy 1:3), where Paul had previously lived and ministered for two years (Acts 19:1-10).
  • 1 Timothy is the source of a lot of moralism and discussion about morality:
    • Women should dress modestly, not with their hair braided or with gold, pearls, or expensive clothes (1 Timothy 2:9)
    • Women should learn in silence and aren’t permitted to teach men (1 Timothy 2:11-13)
    • Women are “saved through childbearing.” (1 Timothy 2:15)
    • Any man who wants to lead the church should “be above reproach, married only once, temperate, sensible, respectable, hospitable, an apt teacher, not a drunkard, not violent but gentle, not quarrelsome, and not a lover of money. He must manage his own household well, keeping his children submissive and respectful in every way—for if someone does not know how to manage his own household, how can he take care of God’s church? He must not be a recent convert…” (1 Timothy 3:2-6)
  • 1 Timothy includes some trouble references to slavery. For example, 6:1 says, “Let all who are under the yoke of slavery regard their masters as worthy of all honor, so that the name of God and the teaching may not be blasphemed.”
  • Paul encourages Timothy to drink wine. (1 Timothy 5:23)

2 Timothy

  • 4 Chapters
  • Can be read as Paul’s final letter to a man he loved like a son.
  • Paul tells Timothy to warn the Christians “to avoid wrangling over words, which does no good but only ruins those who are listening.” (2 Timothy 2:14)
  • 2 Timothy 3:16 says, “All scripture is inspired by God and is useful for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness so that everyone who belongs to God may be proficient, equipped for every good work.”
    • There has been a lot of scholarship on the word “inspired” because it is unique to this Epistle.
    • The “scripture” in place at the time of Paul was the Old Testament.

Titus

  • 3 Chapters
  • Who is Titus?
    • Paul says in Galatians that when he and Barnabas went to Jerusalem after the first missionary journey, Titus was with them. (Galatians 2:1)
    • Titus was not Jewish and, therefore, unlike Timothy, he was not required to be circumcised and Paul uses that almost like evidence of the Jerusalem Council’s decision, “even Titus, who was with me, was not compelled to be circumcised, though he was a Greek.” (Galatians 2:3)
  • The letter to Titus is similar to 1 Timothy:
    • Titus is encouraged to choose church leaders wisely. (Titus 1:5-9)
    • Slaves should be “submissive to their masters.” (Titus 2:9-10)
  • Unique to Titus is Paul’s condemnation of the Cretans: “Cretans are always liars, vicious brutes, lazy gluttons.” (Titus 1:12-13)

Philemon

  • 25 Verses (1 Chapter)
  • The letter to Philemon isn’t about pastoring a church or correcting doctrine, it’s about slavery. Actually, it’s about a specific slave, a man named Onesimus.
  • Paul wants Onesimus to be set free. (Philemon 17-19)
  • Onesimus is first mentioned in Colossians 4:9.
  • St. Ignatius who was Bishop of Antioch (in Syria) from AD 67-107 (very early Christian) wrote this letter to the church in Ephesus where he mentions Onesimus as a Bishop.

 Lesson 38: Hebrews

  • No one knows who wrote Hebrews, but it’s still worth reading.
  • We know from its location in the Bible that Paul didn’t write it. If Paul wrote it, it would be with Paul’s letters to the churches.
    • The position of the Epistle to the Hebrews is altogether unsettled.” –Dr. Bruce Metzger
    • Throughout history, Hebrews has hopped around in the Bible. In the Codex Sinaiticus, it is between 2 Thessalonians and 1st Timothy (after the letters to church communities and before the letters to people).
    • In the Codex Vaticanus (perhaps the first Bible to have chapter delineations), Hebrews is between Galatians and Ephesians.
    • In the Geneva Bible (the first Bible translated to English from the Hebrew and Greek texts), Hebrews sits where we have it today, between Philemon and James.
  • Hebrews teaches who Christ is and who we can be through him.
  • Hebrews navigates the difficult first-century conflict between Christianity and Judaism by stressing what both groups have in common, while emphasizing the supremacy of Christ. (See e.g., Hebrews 3:3)
  • Christ is simultaneously divine and human. (Hebrews 2:16-17, 4:15)
  • Heroes of the Faith: Hebrews 11
  • “Jesus Christ is the same yesterday today and forever.” (Hebrews 13:8)

 Lesson 39: The Catholic Epistles

“Catholic” meaning universal. These letters are written to the church in general, not to a specific group of believers.

James

  • 5 chapters, just over 100 verses
  • Mentions Jesus by name only twice, but is unmistakeably about how to live as a Christian
  • Perhaps written by the brother of Jesus, the same James who rendered the decision of the Jerusalem Council in Acts 15.
  • Endurance produces maturity. (James 1:2-4)
  • God gives wisdom if you ask for it. (James 1:5)
  • God doesn’t tempt people. People are tempted by their own desires. (James 1:13-15)
  • The “royal law” is to love your neighbor as yourself. (James 2:8)
  • Faith will display itself in the way you live. (James 2:14-20)
  • Don’t give the devil too much credit; he runs away when you resist him. (James 4:7)
  • “Let your ‘yes’ be yes, and your ‘no’ be no.” (James 5:12)

1&2 Peter

  • Combined 8 chapters and fewer than 200 verses.
  • In Peter’s letters, hope is placed in a future that is better than the present. As we see throughout the NT, things are hard for Christians. Remember, Peter himself is ultimately executed via crucifixion. Knowing the actions the Empire is taking against Christians, Peter calls Rome, “Babylon.” (1 Peter 5:13)
  • If you have trouble understanding Paul’s letters, don’t worry, Peter did too. He says in 2 Peter 3:15-16, “our beloved brother Paul wrote to you according to the wisdom given him, speaking of this as he does in all his letters. There are some things in them hard to understand, which the ignorant and unstable twist to their own destruction, as they do the other scriptures.”

Johannine Letters

  • 1, 2, & 3 John are called the Johannine Letters.
  • 1 John is 5 chapters long, about the same length as James or 1 Peter. 2 John and 3 John are 1 chapter each, with only 13 and 15 verses respectively.
  • There are five books in the New Testament traditionally ascribed to the Apostle John, the beloved disciple: The Gospel of John, the 3 Johannine letters, and Revelation.
  • In the Johannine letters, the main concept is God is love. God loves and is loving, but beyond that, love is one of God’s defining characteristics.
  • These three letters, like Paul’s letters, are organized by length, from longest to shortest and can be read in any order.
  • 1 John 1:8-9 might sound familiar from church, especially if you attend a church with a liturgical service: “If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.  If we confess our sins, he who is faithful and just will forgive us our sins and cleanse us from all unrighteousness.”
  • In 1 John 2, John calls his readers “my little children.” He is The Elder of the church. He’s not writing to his beloved brothers who experienced the earthly ministry of Jesus with him, but rather, to the next generation, a group he helped birth in a sense.
  • Just as in the Gospel of John, we see in 1 John that Jesus is “the word.” (1 John 1:1-4)

Jude

  • Jude is traditionally ascribed to the younger brother of Jesus.
  • It has no chapter delineations because it is only 24 verses, long.
  • These 24 verses are packed full of references to the Old Testament and other ancient writings.
  • Jude is extremely concerned for people who are being exploited and misled by religious leaders gone astray.
  • Jude and 2 Peter are very similar. Reading 2 Peter, especially chapter 2, together with Jude shows us how early Christians struggled to discern correct doctrine and fully express their faith. Here is a very limited sampling of their similarities:
    • Jude 4 refers to “intruders” who “have stolen in among you” and will “deny our only Master and Lord, Jesus Christ.” 2 Peter 2:1 refers to “false teachers” who will rise “among you” and “will even deny the Master.”
    • Jude 6 says “the angels who did not keep their own position, but left their proper dwelling he has kept in eternal chains.” 2 Peter 2:4 says, “God did not spare the angels when they sinned, but cast them into hell and committed them to chains of deepest darkness to be kept until the judgment.”
    • Both refer to Balaam. (Jude 11; 2 Peter 2:15)
    • False teachers are “waterless clouds carried along by the winds … for whom the deepest darkness has been reserved” in Jude. In 2 Peter they are “waterless springs and mists driven by a storm” and “the deepest darkness has been reserved” for them.

 Lesson 40: Revelation

  • The Revelation to John or the Apocalypse of John
  • Only place in the New Testament we read about a dragon, giant bugs, flying horses, and the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse.
  • In Revelation we learn of a future with a new heaven and a new earth.
  • Traditionally we have accepted the author of this book to be the Apostle John.
  • While John is on Patmos (possible exiled there by the Roman Emperor Domitian), the risen and glorified Christ appears to John and dictates seven letters to seven churches. (Revelation 1:9-11)
  • In chapter 4, John ascends to heaven and receives visions from God concerning Christ’s return (the Second Coming).
  • In Genesis, creation is very good, but sin and death immediately enter the world. The narrative has on overall downward spiral, but by Revelation 21 the dust settles. We have a new heaven and a new earth and we’re back to something like the Garden of Eden. There’s no longer any sin. There’s a new Jerusalem, a new Holy City and there’s a loud voice that says, “Now, the dwelling of God is with man.” That’s exactly what we had when we started Genesis because God was walking with Adam and Even in an ideal relationship.
  • We’re told in Revelation that there will be a perfect environment, no mourning, no crying, no pain or death. We will be God’s people. The old order has passed away. God says, “I am making everything new.” The curtain comes down in Revelation and everything is restored to what it was in the beginning.

Thank you for joining us for the Bible 100 Lenten Journey. If you would like information on having Beth come for a Bible 100 Live Event, please click here. To access the videos, click here. To contact Beth directly, click here.

Bible 100 Lenten Edition Summary 6

Gospels to Thessalonians

Bible 100 Lenten Edition Summary 6

This Lent we are learning the Bible, Bible 100 style. In other words, we’re developing an overview of the entire collection of 66 books. Here’s a summary of what we covered this week. If any of this sparks your curiosity, I hope you will watch the short videos I recorded through Facebook Live. Of course, you can always turn to the Bible to learn even more!

Lessons 31-36

 Lesson 31: From Oral Tradition to Written Scripture

  • Jesus appointed 12 Apostles from among the Disciples. (Matthew 10:1-4, Mark 3:13-19, Luke 10:14-16)
  • Judas committed suicide (Matthew 27:5), leaving only 11 Apostles. He was replaced by Matthias. (Acts 1:21-26)
  • Jesus ever told his Apostles to write anything down or memorize anything. Jesus was about transformation.
  • The stories of Jesus were originally told orally. This began to change within two or three decades of the crucifixion. Due to increased persecution, increased missionary work, and the realization that Jesus would not be back immediately.
  • There are thousands of ancient manuscripts of the New Testament, but many are only fragments. Click here to see a fragment from the Gospel of John that is from 125 CE.
  • Christians used “low-status notebooks,” the codex form to record material that became the first Gospels.
  • Matthew, Mark, and Luke are the Synoptic Gospels. John is “the spiritual gospel.”
  • The Synoptic Puzzle describes a collection of scholarly theories about how Matthew, Mark, and Luke were composed and in what order.

Lesson 32: Are 4 Better Than One? Why We Have Four Gospels

  • The Gospels should not be compared to modern biographies because they are ancient documents.
  • The Gospels do not tell us what happened to Jesus’ earthly parents.
  • The Gospels do not tell us details about Jesus’ appearance (for example, how tall he was).
  • The 4 Gospels give us both a composite picture of Jesus and 4 individual pictures of Jesus and what was significant about his ministry.
  • A second-century Christian named Tatian harmonized the Gospels in a work called The Diatessaron. This tells us there was widespread agreement on the status of the 4 Gospels by that time.
  • Jesus taught using parables. There are 40 parables total, but only 7 of those appear in all 3 Synoptic Gospels. Matthew and Luke share a dozen parables. The Parable of the Good Samaritan is only in the Gospel of Luke (Luke 10:30-37).
  • The only two books of the Bible written by a Gentile are Luke and Acts.

Lesson 33: About Saul Paul

  • Pentecost is described in Acts 2. Pentecost is the Jewish pilgrimage festival commemorating when God gave Moses the law. For Christians, it celebrates the coming of the Holy Spirit because of what is described in Acts 2.
  • The church experiences exponential growth, from about 120 believers to over 3,000.
  • The church in Acts has four characteristics: teaching, fellowship, communion and prayer. (Acts 2:43-47)
  • The disciple Stephen summarizes the biblical story in Acts 7 before he is martyred.
  • The church began to experience persecution. Initially, the persecution came from the Jewish leaders who saw Christianity as a divergent sect of Judaism.
  • Saul of Tarsus was appointed to halt the growth of Christianity. (Acts 9:1-2)
  • On the way to Damascus, Saul was blinded by a bright light and Jesus spoke to him. Saul was thereafter known as Paul and he was transformed from the lead prosecutor (persecutor) to the chief missionary and evangelist.
  • Paul went to Arabia for 3 years following his Damascus Road conversion experience. While he was there, Jesus taught him the gospel. (Galatians 1:11-19)

Lesson 34: Paul’s Missionary Journeys

  • Paul went on at least three missionary journeys. If you have a study Bible, these are probably mapped out for you.
  • Paul summarizes the biblical story in Acts 13:16-42.
  • The first missionary journey is described in Acts 13-14.
  • #1 probably takes place at some point between 46 and 49 CE. Paul may write Galatians while he’s on this journey.
  • The second missionary journey is described in Acts 15-18.
  • #2 probably takes place in the early to mid-50’s. Paul travels with Silas and Timothy. On this journey, they meet Luke who writes Luke and Acts.
  • On journey #2 Paul travels to Philippi where he converts a woman named Lydia. (Acts 16:14)
  • Paul may write 1 & 2 Thessalonians on this journey.
  • Paul and his entourage are arrested for disturbing the peace, but an earthquake shakes the jail open. Paul and Co. stay and concert the jailer. (Acts 16:33)
  • The third missionary journey is in Acts 18-21.
  • #3 probably takes place between 54 and 57 CE.
  • Scholars seem to agree Paul wrote 1&2 Corinthians and Romans on this trip, and some say this is also when he wrote Galatians, Philemon, and Philippians.
  • For most of the third missionary journey, Paul was in Ephesus, a hub for maritime trade giving him access to a wide cross-section of ancient people. Because of this, “all the residents of Asia, both Jews and Greeks, heard the word of the Lord.” (Acts 19:10)
  • Paul is arrested (though some describe it as protective custody) and eventually is taken to Rome. In Rome, he lived by himself at his own expense. (Acts 28:16,30)

Lesson 35: Paul’s Great Epistle, Romans

  • An epistle is a letter, written to be read out loud and shared.
  • Romans is a theological masterpiece.
  • All humans lack their own righteousness (Romans 1:18-3:20), but righteousness can be imputed to us through our faith in Christ. (Romans 3:21-5:21)
  • Our imputed righteousness is no reason to sin, but instead is a path to freedom. (Romans 6:15)
  • The Jewish people “are loved on account of the patriarchs, for God’s gift and his call are irrevocable.” (Romans 11:28-29)
  • Romans was probably written on Paul’s 3rd Missionary Journey around 57 CE.
  • In Romans, Paul mentions a female apostle named Junia. (Romans 16:7) For a time, Biblical translators assumed this was an ancient typo because it referred to a woman being “prominent among the apostles.” Junia became Junias, a man’s name. You can read more about this at juniaproject.com/who-was-junia.

Lesson 36: Paul’s Letters to Churches

1&2 Corinthians

  • Church politics and conflict are, unfortunately, nothing new.
  • Paul spent 18 months in Corinth on the second missionary journey. (Acts 18:11)
  • The people of Corinth faced unique cultural challenges. Corinth was a double seaport town with a huge temple to Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of love. Ships would dock on one side of the peninsula, off-load their cargo which would be transported by land to the other side of the peninsula and loaded onto another ship to continue the voyage.
  • Click here for a Google Maps Satellite image of the Corinth Canal.
  • In 1 Corinthians, Paul compares the church to the human body “made up of many parts and though all its parts are many, they form one body.” (1 Corinthians 12:12)

Galatians

  • “You foolish Galatians! Who has bewitched you?” (Galatians 3:1)
  • Paul mentions that his “physical infirmity” brought him to Galatia in the first place. (Galatians 4:13-14) This may have been an eye problem related to the Damascus Road conversion experience because in verse 15 he says, “you would have torn out your eyes and given them to me.”
  • Paul argues against circumcision because that marks the old covenant based on laws which Jesus came to fulfill. (Galatians 5:6)
  • Paul reminds the Galatians that their freedom in Christ is not “an opportunity for self-indulgence.” (Galatians 5:13)

Foolish_Galatians_Beth_Demme

Ephesians

  • According to Acts 19, Paul was in Ephesus for two years. (Acts 19:1,10)
  • There is scholarly disagreement about whether Paul wrote Ephesians. Of Paul’s 13 letters, only 7 of are of “undisputed” authorship.
  • If Paul wrote it, it may be the letter written while he was en route to Rome and referenced in Acts 20:17.
  • “For by grace you have been saved through faith, and this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God—not the result of works, so that no one may boast.” (Ephesians 2:8-9)

Philippians

  • The church at Philippi was established in Acts 16:11-15 when Paul converted a woman merchant named Lydia.
  • “Live your life in a manner worthy of the gospel of Christ.” (Philippians 1:27)

Colossians

  • Christians are reoriented to live in harmony with each other and with Christ at the center of their lives. (Colossians 3:1-4,12-17)
  • Christ is described as “the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation … the head of the body, the church.” (Colossians 1:15,18) Through Christ “God was pleased to reconcile to himself all things.” (Colossians 1:20)
  • The Christians in Colossae need to be wary of four types of distractions: (1) hollow and deceptive philosophy tied to spiritual fads, (2) excessive legalism, (3) phony mysticism, and (4) excessive asceticism. (Colossians 2)

1&2 Thessalonians

  • 1 Thessalonians is widely accepted to be written by Paul, but not 2 Thessalonians.
  • Unlike other letters to churches, Paul celebrates the church in Thessalonica and expresses appreciation for their loving relationship.
  • 1 Thessalonians 4:17 has caused some controversy. Some Christians read this as a prophecy of a physical, bodily Rapture, like that described in the book series, Left Behind. Other Christians read this as an assurance that after the Second Coming, the living and the dead will be with God forever.

Want to sum up this week’s lessons in just a handful of verses? Try these:

Bible 100 Lenten Edition Summary 5

Bible 100 Lenten Edition Summary 5

This Lent we are learning the Bible, Bible 100 style. In other words, we’re developing an overview of the entire collection of 66 books. Here’s a summary of what we covered this week. If any of this sparks your curiosity, I hope you will watch the short videos I recorded through Facebook Live. Of course, you can always turn to the Bible to learn even more!

Lessons 25-30

 Lesson 25: Isaiah & Jeremiah

  • Biblical prophecy is not fortune telling or future forecasting as much as it is a call for present change.
  • The “major prophets” are the longer books. The “minor prophets” are the shorter books. For example, Isaiah has 66 chapters while Obadiah is only twenty-one verses.
  • Incidentally, there were no chapter OR verse numbers when the Bible was originally compiled. The chapter delineations were decided on in the 13th century CE (or AD, if you prefer). The verses were numbered for the first time in the mid-1500’s.
  • During Isaiah’s time, Assyria attacked the Northern Kingdom of Israel. Isaiah often refers to the Northern Kingdom of Israel as Ephraim, the strongest tribe of the 10 tribes. Ephraim was one of Jacob’s grandsons, a son of Joseph (and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat). Jacob blessed the sons of Joseph in Genesis 48. Ephraim is where Bethel is located, one of the places where King Jeroboam set up a Golden Calf. (Lesson #18).
  • Isaiah’s prophecy has to come true in his own historical framework because Moses said that the words of a prophet must be tested. (Deuteronomy 18)
  • Isaiah prophesied that a “young woman” would bear a son named Immanuel. (Isaiah 7:14) This prophecy was fulfilled in Isaiah’s time, but in the Gospel of Matthew it is understood to have foreshadowed an even later prophecy, the birth of Jesus Christ. (Matthew 1:20-23)
  • Scholars tell us that Isaiah is probably a composite, written over several hundred years, probably in 3 or 4 stages, but we are meant to read it together.
  • Isaiah is where we see monotheism established. In the books before Isaiah there is an understanding that our God is the supreme God. In Isaiah we begin to understand that our God is the only God.
  • In Isaiah 49:6 and 49:22, God says the Jews are instrumental in bringing salvation (restoration of the relationship between God and humanity) to the world.
  • Jeremiah lived in the North, after the time of the Assyrians. Jeremiah lived during the reign of King Josiah who was only a child when he became king, but nonetheless instituted a lot of religious reforms. We read about King Josiah’s 30+ year reign in 2 Kings 22-23 and 2 Chronicles 33-35.
  • Jeremiah lived during the fall and destruction of Jerusalem by the Babylonian King, Nebuchadnezzar. (See e.g., Jeremiah 32:28)
  • Jeremiah is 52 chapters long, which qualifies it as a book of “Major Prophecy.” The next book is Lamentations. It’s only 5 chapters, but it is included with the Major Prophets because Jeremiah wrote it.
  • Lamentations is a collection of 5 poems that lament the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple.

 Lesson 26: Ezekiel & Daniel

  • Ezekiel lived in the southern kingdom of Judah. He was taken as one of the Babylonian captives during 597BCE(the first group the Babylonians deported). He was removed from Jerusalem before the destruction of the Temple in 586BCE. The book with his name recounts his prophecies from 593 to 573.
  • Ezekiel doesn’t just hear God, he receives visions from God. (Ezekiel 1:1)
  • Ezekiel doesn’t deliver his prophecies only with words, but he also draws pictures and acts things out. (Ezekiel 4:1-6,15)
  • Ezekiel 37 is where we get the valley of dry bones. In a supernatural, paranormal experience, God transports Ezekiel into “the middle of a valley; it was full of bones.” God tells Ezekiel to prophesy to the bones. He does, and God restores them to life. God tells Ezekiel that Israel is like the dry bones.
  • By the end, Ezekiel has a vision that Israel is restored. He spends about 8 chapters laying out a plan for a rebuilt/restored Temple. The book of Ezekiel ends saying the “name of the city [the restored Jerusalem] shall be The Lord is There.” (Ezekiel 48:35)
  • Daniel, like Ezekiel, was taken in that first wave of captives. Daniel interprets Nebuchadnezzar’s dreams for him, winning favor.
  • Fiery Furnace: Daniel and his friends Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah were also taken as captives from Israel when Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon conquered the former Assyrian territories. You may know them by their Babylonian names, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego. (Daniel 1:7) Nebuchadnezzar creates a huge statue of himself and tells everyone to worship at it. Daniel’s friends, faithful to the one true God, refuse. Nebuchadnezzar has them thrown into a fiery furnace, but they are joined by an angel and not harmed. Nebuchadnezzar praises God. (Daniel 3-4)
  • Lions Den: In chapter 6, Daniel is thrown into a den of lions for violating a law prohibiting prayer to anyone except King Darius. The king doesn’t want to punish Daniel, but politically he has no choice. He says to Daniel, “May your God, whom you faithfully serve, deliver you!” (Daniel 6:16) The next morning, Daniel is unharmed. Daniel says, “My God sent his angel and shut the lions’ mouths so that they would not hurt me, because I was found blameless.” (Daniel 6:22) The king ordered that Daniel’s accusers be thrown into the den of lions. Before they reached the bottom of the den the lions overpowered them and broke all their bones in pieces.” (Daniel 6:23-24)
  • Handwriting on the Wall: Between the Fiery Furnace and the Lions’ Den we have a story about “reading the handwriting on the wall.” King Belshazzar, Nebuchadnezzar’s son, used “the vessels of gold and silver that had been taken out of the temple, the house of God in Jerusalem” as dishes at a party. (Daniel 5:3) “Immediately the fingers of a human hand appeared and began writing on the plaster of the wall of the royal palace, next to the lampstand.” The king “turned pale, and his thoughts terrified him. His limbs gave way, and his knees knocked together.” (Daniel 5:5-6) Daniel was called in to interpret the writing on the wall. It says “God has numbered the days of your kingdom and brought it to an end.” (Daniel 5:26)
  • King Darius takes over and he’s the one who is forced to throw Daniel into the Lions’ den.
  • Daniel ends with five chapters of apocalyptic visions. In chapter 12, the last chapter, Daniel offers us the Bible’s first clear reference to a resurrection, final judgment, and afterlife. Daniel ends with an angel of the Lord telling Daniel, “you shall rise for your reward at the end of the days.” (Daniel 12:13)

Bible 100 Lenten Edition Summary 4

Lessons 19-24

Bible 100 Lenten Edition Summary 4

This Lent we are learning the Bible, Bible 100 style. In other words, we’re developing an overview of the entire collection of 66 books. Here’s a summary of what we covered this week. If any of this sparks your curiosity, I hope you will watch the short videos I recorded through Facebook Live.  Of course, you can always turn to the Bible to learn even more!

Lessons 19-24

Lesson 19: ABC’s of Israel’s OT Conquerors (Kings, Chronicles)

  • The civil war between Israel and Judah weakens the nation. Outsiders attack.
  • A= Assyria. In 722 BC, the Assyrians, led by Sennacherib, invade.
  • Sennacherib conquers the 10 tribes in the North and scatters them throughout Assyria. These are sometimes called the 10 Lost Tribes of Israel.
  • On the verge of invading Jerusalem, 185,000 of Sennacherib’s troops go to sleep and never wake up. (2 Kings 19:35; 2 Chronicles 32:21)
  • B=Babylon. The Babylonians attack Jerusalem. Jerusalem ultimately surrenders and then there’s a rebellion and then Nebuchadnezzar attacks again and takes more tribute and more people. There’s a second rebellion, but by 586, the Temple is destroyed and Jerusalem falls for good. (2 Chronicles 36:6-7, 18-20)
  • The Babylonians deport people to Babylon; this is referred to as the Babylonian Captivity.
  • “By the rivers of Babylon we sat and wept when we remembered Zion.” (Psalm 137:1) Zion (Israel) is only a memory. The plan of salvation is only a memory. There were 19 kings in the north and 20 kings in the south, but none were able to reunite and save Israel.
  • C=Cyrus of Persia. (2 Chronicles 36:20, 22-23)

Lesson 20: Rebuilding Jerusalem (Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah)

  • Chart Comparing the Old Testament and the TNK
  • Cyrus tells people they can return to their ancestral land and rebuild. As the Jewish Encyclopedia explains, “There was no reason to detain them longer in Babylon; and if they returned to their homes, they would be in a position to defend the border-land against Egypt and the desert.”
  • 1&2 Chronicles are a recapitulation of some of the events from 1&2 Kings, but from a different point of view. (“paraleipomenon” Pete Enns)
  • Ezra & Nehemiah tell the story of Cyrus financing the rebuilding of Jerusalem and the Temple. We enter what’s called the Second Temple Period because this is the Second Temple, Solomon’s Temple having been the first.
  • Nehemiah 9 is a great recap spoken by Ezra.

Lesson 21: Esther’s Story of Transformation (Esther 1-10)

  • Esther is the only woman to establish a Jewish Festival, the Festival of Purim. (Esther 9:18-29)
  • In an effort to rebuild the region, the Persian government has allowed people whose ancestors were exiled by the Assyrians and the Babylonians to return and rebuild. Many Jews went back, but some chose not to. Esther tells the story of one family that did not go back. Esther herself is several generations removed from the Babylonian exile.

Bible 100 Lenten Edition Summary 3

Judges-Chronicles

This Lent we are learning the Bible, Bible 100 style. In other words, we’re developing an overview of the entire collection of 66 books. Here’s a summary of what we covered this week. If any of this sparks your curiosity, I hope you will watch the short videos I recorded through Facebook Live.  Of course, you can always turn to the Bible to learn even more!

Lessons 13-18

Lesson 13: Israel’s Judges (Judges 1-21)

  • Judges 2:16-19 gives us a glimpse of the unsatisfying ending this period of Israel’s history will have.
  • In the book of Judges, there are 12 Tribes who work together when necessary; there is no “nation of Israel.”
  • In the book of Judges, there are 12 Judges (rulers) over the course of several hundred years.
  • There are interlude periods when the Israelites are ruled by non-Israelite leaders. For example, Judges 3:14 tells us they were ruled by a Moabite king for 18 years.
  • There is a left-handed judge named Ehud. (Judges 3:15-30)
  • Abimelech, a usurper, dies after a woman drops a stone on his head. (Judges 9:52-55)
  • The period of the Judges ends with everyone doing what is right in his/her own eyes (Judges 21:25), harkening back to Genesis 6:5 where every thought was evil all the time.

Lesson 14: Looking at One Judge, The Honorable Gideon? (Judges 6-8)

  • Gideon is the least of the least. (Judges 6:15)
  • He is chosen by God to lead the Israelites against the Midianites. (Judges 6:33-35)
  • Gideon tests God with two rounds of dew and fleece. (Judges 6:36-40)
  • God tells Gideon that 32,000 troops is too many because “Israel would only take the credit away from [God] saying, ‘My own hand has delivered me.’” (Judges 7:2)
  • God reduces Gideon’s army to only 300 troops. (Judges 7:3,8)
  • Gideon and his 300 troops successfully defeat Midian. (Judges 7:25)
  • The Israelites wanted Gideon to establish a dynastic monarchy, but he refused. (Judges 8:22-23)
  • Despite having spoken with God face to face (Judges 6:22), Gideon made an idol and worshiped it. (Judges 8:24-27) The idol “became a snare to Gideon and to his family” and “all Israel prostituted themselves to it.” (Judges 8:27)

Lesson 15: The Epic Love Story of Ruth (Ruth 1-4)

Bible 100 Lenten Edition Summary 2

Genesis 26-Joshua

This Lent we are learning the Bible, Bible 100 style. In other words, we’re developing an overview of the entire collection of 66 books. Here’s a summary of what we covered this week. If any of this sparks your curiosity, I hope you will watch the short videos I recorded through Facebook Live.  Of course, you can always turn to the Bible to learn even more!

Lessons 7-12

 Lesson 7: Jacob Becomes Israel (Genesis 26-33)

  • Jacob leaves in search of a wife and a life away from Esau.
  • He goes to his mother’s homeland, Paddan-aram, where he meets and falls in love with Rachel.
  • Rachel’s father (Jacob’s Uncle Laban), tricks Jacob into marrying Leah.
  • Jacob eventually has children with both Leah and Rachel, and their maidservants.
  • Jacob fathers twelve sons.
  • God changes Jacob’s name to Israel in both Genesis 32 and Genesis 35.

 Lesson 8: Joseph, Dreamcoat to Death (Genesis 37-50)

  • Joseph is #11 of the 12 sons of Jacob (Israel).
  • He has prophetic dreams and the gift of interpreting dreams.
  • His father showed him preferential treatment, once giving him a coat of many colors.
  • Joseph dreams his brothers will bow down to him. (Genesis 37:5-11)
  • Joseph’s brothers conspire against him. He is sold into slavery.
  • Joseph rises to prominence after interpreting Pharaoh’s dreams. (Genesis 41:39-40, 43)
  • Joseph is unexpectedly reunited with his brothers during a widespread famine.
  • Joseph forgives his brothers and brings the entire family to live safely in Egypt.
  • Genesis ends with the death of Joseph. (Genesis 50:26)

 Lesson 9: Meet Moses (Exodus 1-2)

Bible 100 Lenten Edition Week 1

Genesis 1-28

This Lent we are learning the Bible, Bible 100 style. In other words, we’re developing an overview of the entire collection of 66 books. Here’s a summary of what we covered this week. If any of this sparks your curiosity, I hope you will watch the short videos I recorded through Facebook Live.  Of course, you can always turn to the Bible to learn even more!

Week 1

Lesson 1: Introduction to the Bible Play_Video

  • The Bible was written by more than forty people over the course of two millennia.
  • The Bible is a collection of 66 books, 39 in the Old Testament and 27 in the New Testament.
  • “The Apocrypha” is a collection of books that are included in the official scriptures of the Roman Catholic, Greek, and Slavonic churches, but are not included in the Jewish Tanakh or Protestant Bible.
  • The places and people depicted in the Old Testament are all located in the Middle East. The New Testament expands to Greece and Southern Europe. (Click here to see a satellite image of the area.)
  • The shortest verse in the Bible is John 11:35 (KJV), “Jesus Wept.” The shortest chapter in the Bible is Psalm 117, and its neighbor Psalm 119 is the longest.

Lesson 2: Creating Perfection (Genesis 1-2) Play_Video

  • In Genesis 1, there are six distinct acts of creation and then God rests. (Or, as I like to see it, God created rest on the 7th Day.)
  • God saw everything he made and deemed it very good.
  • Genesis 2 offers a second creation story. Some people read this as creation from a different perspective. Genesis 1 is God’s perspective. Genesis 2 is told from the perspective of Adam. Bible 100 won’t settle this for you, but it will encourage you to learn the Bible one question at a time.
  • When Creation is done, we have two humans living in perfect harmony with one another and with God.
  • Perfection is short-lived.

Lesson 3: Sin Enters Creation (Genesis 3-5) Play_Video

No Sacrifice on the Sundays in Lent

Why the Sundays in Lent Don't Count

child_dessert_messy_Beth_Demme

The Sundays In Lent Don’t Count

By Beth Demme

Lent is a season of the Christian Year where Christians focus on simple living, prayer, and fasting in order to grow closer to God.” Rev. Penny Ford

Many people choose to give up something in Lent as a devotional act. Some people give up chocolate, desserts, or all sweets. Others sacrifice a bit of their time to add more Bible reading into their day.

Lent is the 40-day period before Easter. Since Easter moves around on the calendar, Lent moves around, too. The first day of Lent, Ash Wednesday, is on March 1 this year, but in 2018 it will arrive on Valentine’s Day!

However, no matter when Lent begins, the Sundays in Lent don’t count.

That’s right, Sundays are not a time for sacrifice even when they fall during a sacrificial season on the church calendar.

Some might call it a loophole, but I promise it’s legit.

You should observe your Lenten sacrifice six days a week, not seven. Here’s why.

Learn The Bible This Lent {Starts Tomorrow}

Beginning TOMORROW, Wednesday, March 1

Bible 100: Lenten Edition

During Lent, Beth will offer a free Facebook Live video each day, Monday thru Saturday, to take you through the entire Bible in about 5 minutes a day.

If you (or a friend) want to know the Bible better, this is your chance! Follow Beth on Facebook and Twitter to be notified just before she goes Live.

Are You A Work In Progress?

A Lesson from Gideon

work-in-progress-woman-painting

Are You a Work in Progress?

By Beth Demme

I’ve written before (here, here, and here) about how I love the Old Testament. One of my favorite Old Testament heroes is the long ago judge of Israel, Gideon. (Judges 6-8) I appreciate Gideon’s story not because of his heroism, but because of his lack of it.

Gideon teaches me that even Heroes of the Faith sometimes:

  • wonder if God is absent;
  • feel inferior; and
  • worship the wrong thing.

In the time of Gideon, the Israelites were being attacked by nearby enemies. Their crops and animals were being stolen and/or destroyed. God appears to Gideon and appoints him to be The One who saves Israel from those enemies.

Gideon looks at the world around him and says, “God, where are you?”

The first thing the angel of the Lord says to Gideon in Judges 6 is, “The Lord is with you, you mighty warrior.” In response, Gideon says, “nuh-uh.” Actually, he says, “If the Lord is with us, why has all this bad stuff happened to us? … The Lord has cast us off, and given us into the hand of our enemy.” (Judges 6:13)

Gideon looked at the world around him, saw how troubled it was, and assumed God had vacated the premises. Gideon was really saying, “if God cared about me, only good things would happen in my life.”

It’s tempting to measure God’s love based on our current situation.  The better we feel about our life circumstances, the more blessed we think we are and the more we feel God loves us. But as Gideon’s story teaches us, God is present with us even when times are tough. In fact, sometimes it takes a difficult circumstance for us to surrender our self-sufficient attitudes. When we move beyond an “I’ve got this” attitude, we discover God’s love and the supernatural peace that passes understanding.

Gideon felt he was the least of the least, but God saw him as a work in progress.